The targeting of Women human rights defenders seen over the course of an entire day, when the sit-in at the cabinet building was dispersed at dawn on December 16, is a continuation and clear escalation of militaristic policies aimed at Women human rights defenders, employed consistently by the former regime prior to the January 25 revolution. The policy of targeting Women human rights defenders is part of attempts by those currently in charge of the country, the various security agencies, and the remnants of the former regime to expel women from the public sphere. The events that ensued following the dispersal of the sit-in at the cabinet building by army forces at dawn on Friday heralded a new, unprecedented phase of violence against demonstrators, which has thus far claimed the lives of 9 protestors. These events were marked by targeted assaults on women; photographs and video clips clearly exposed the flagrant abuses faced by female activists, who were detained, beaten, dragged, and stripped of their clothing.
The level of violence deployed this time by the armed forces shows that the use of force to disperse sit-ins and demonstrations and the targeting of Women human rights defenders is not a coincidence, but rather a systematic policy pursued by the armed forces and police. Institutional violence against women activists has been documented starting on March 9 with the virginity tests and the failure to investigate and hold accountable those responsible. It was seen again in the events of November 19, when the army disappeared from view as police forces took the lead in the using systematic violence against protestors, including women, and again in the events at the cabinet building on December 16. Nazra for Feminist Studies documented the testimonies of female activists who were subjected to sexual assaults, physical and verbal, by police forces and persons in civilian clothing during the events of November 19. The documented violations include arbitrary detention, beatings and kicks, at times with military boots, dragging, attempted choking, sexual harassment including attempts to strip women, rape threats during detention, insults of a sexual nature, and all manner of degrading, inhumane treatment, a well as the temporary confiscation of personal property.
Photographs and video footage of the dispersal of the cabinet sit-in, published by electronic media and various satellite channels, showed an unprecedented level of violence used against female protestors, and neither the violence nor the attempts to militarize the state and its apparatuses should be allowed to pass without vocal protest. When the sit-in was dispersed on December 16, women protestors of various ages and political affiliations were brutally beaten with batons and kicked and beaten by army forces and persons in civilian clothing both during arrest and while in detention. They were also subjected to insults of a sexual nature for being present at the sit-in. The use of sexual violence against female activists cannot be seen outside the context of attempts by the military establishment to marginalize women and prevent them from defending their rights and exercising their right to actively participate in the politics of the country at this important stage inEgypt’s history. These attempts involve the use of physical harm, intentional humiliation, and sexual assault, which is accompanied by a severe social stigma in our communities. We thus urge the protection of Women human rights defenders, not to shelter helpless women, but rather to support the right of women to demonstrate and protest as an active partner in democratization and the transitional period. We heartily condemn all attempts to justify violence against demonstrators that urge women to stay at home to avoid such incidents. Women will not again wage battles that they won in decades past.
We cannot separate official media policies in all media outlets—audiovisual or press—from the general policy of those currently running the affairs of state in the transitional phase. This policy intentionally disregards all physical and psychological attacks on activists, peaceful protestors, and all advocates of the most basic human rights, especially women. State-owned media channels all failed to broadcast accurate images of the events or carry legitimate democratic demands. They have also refused to cover important issues such as the virginity tests conducted on female protestors on March 9, and the arbitrary arrest of several female demonstrators, doctors at field hospitals, and journalists in the events ofMohammed Mahmoud Streeton November 19. Finally, the state-owned media refused to broadcast images from the popular press on December 16 that show vicious physical assaults on female protestors in front of the People’s Assembly. The official media line is clearly to ignore what women face when they demand their rights to expression, demonstration, and change with all other sectors of Egyptian society, which in turn prompts us to demand and take immediate action to change these policies, even if it requires replacing all the media leaders who colluded and continue to collude against groups demanding freedom and democracy, the most prominent form of this collusion being to conceal the truth.
The undersigned organizations call first for a recognition of the abuses perpetrated by the army against demonstrators, including women. We also call for the formation of a committee composed of judges selected by the Supreme Judiciary Council to investigate the military personnel responsible for these violations and take all necessary measures required by a fair investigation. The undersigned also stress the need for a thoroughgoing change of media policies, which perpetuate the policies of the Mubarak era, characterized by the falsification of facts in favor of the regime and the refusal to cover the regime’s abuses.
Links containing abuses suffered by Women human rights defenders since the dispersal of the cabinet sit-in at dawn on December 16:
1. Nazra for Feminist Studies.
2. Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies.
3. Association for Freedom of Thought and Expression.
5. Women and Memory Forum.
 Article 1 of the international declaration on human rights defenders offers a definition of the defense of human rights, stating, “Everyone has the right, individually and in association with others, to promote and to strive for the protection and realization of human rights and fundamental freedoms at the national and international levels.”
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